A bed bug is about the size of a grain of rice. This bed bug has recently had a feed.
Bedbugs life cycle
Bed bugs Control
Fast facts on bed bugs
Here are some key points about bed bugs. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals.
As humans, we are ideal hosts for bed bugs.
Bed bugs are so called because of their preferred habitat in human homes: sofas, bed mattresses, etc.
Most bed bugs feed on their hosts while they are asleep.
The peak time for feeding is about one hour before sunrise.
Feeding takes about five minutes, after which the bug returns to its hiding place.
A female bed bug lays approximately 5 eggs in one day and about 500 during her lifetime.
Bites can take up to nine days to become visible.
Unlike flea bites, bed bug bites don't have a red dot in the center.
Bed bugs tend to bite in rows. You will likely see two or three bites all in a row.
Bed bugs are not easy to eradicate. It is advisable to hire a professional in pest control.
Controlling an infestation
Since they can hide in so many places, they are not easy to eradicate. Unless you have a lot of time at your disposal, and limitless patience, it is advisable to get a professional in pest control. Experts know where to look for them, as well as how to get rid of them.
You can help the pest control professional by removing excess clutter from your house. If your stuff is strewn about rooms the bed bugs will have many extra places to hide, making inspection and eradication that much more difficult.
Some pest control companies may ask you to move furniture away from walls, and mattresses and box springs stood on edge before they come in, while it's much better for everything to be left where it is so that they can check before moving them themselves.
The following procedures are advised
Bedding and garments which are prone to infestation need to be bagged and laundered at 50 C minimum because these items cannot be treated with insecticides.
It is not recommended to send your stuff off to be dry-cleaned - this will kill the bugs, but you may be passing your problem onto the dry-cleaning establishment.
You may find it is best to throw some infested items away. A pest control professional will help advise you. Make sure you bag these items carefully before moving them.
Insecticides are a crucial part of getting rid of bed bugs. Baits can't be used as for ants and cockroaches, as they will not work with bed bugs.
Insecticide applications alone won’t control bed bug infestations it must be combined with infestation prevention measures—a program of removing and cleaning infested beds, bedding, and other harborage sites as mentioned above.
Insecticides are applied as liquids directly to cracks, crevices, bed frames, baseboards, and other similar sites, or they may be applied as dust in cracks and crevices, as well as areas bugs tend to like. Pesticides aren’t generally applied to mattresses or bedding because of potential risk to people.
Depending on the level of the infestation, a second or subsequent visit might be required to confirm that there is no bedbug activity remain.
Key bedbug harbourage sites